Hoshana Rabbah and Vezos Habracha

The Parsha refers to Hashem's kingship 33:5: "הוַיְהִי בִישֻׁרוּן מֶלֶךְ בְּהִתְאַסֵּף רָאשֵׁי עָם יַחַד שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל
And He was King in Yeshurun, whenever the sum total of the people were gathered, and the tribes of Israel were together.
Rashi first explains the word  בְּהִתְאַסֵּף as  בכל התאסף ראשי חשבון אסיפתם. 
At every gathering of רָאשֵׁי - meaning, whenever their number is gathered. רָאשֵׁי as in the verse,“When you take the count (רֹאשׁ) of the children of Israel” (Exod. 30:12). These people are worthy that I should bless them.
He then offers another explaination:  , בהתאספם יחד באגודה אחת ושלום ביניהם הוא מלכם, ולא כשיש מחלוקת ביניהם:
When Israel is gathered together in a unified group, and there is peace among them, God is their King-but not when there is strife among them. — [Sifrei 33:5]

My grandfather quotes the second one and draws a connection to Hoshana Rabbah. That day is known as the final seal for all the days of judgement from the DAys of Awe. During the Days of Awe, HKB"H shows his kingship in the role of Judge of the world. Accordingly, on those days we say Hamelech Hakadosh  and Hamelech Hamishpat in the Amidah. However, though we revert to the standard text after those days, we have to maintain HKB"H as our King even after those days.

The answer lies in this verse  וַיְהִי בִישֻׁרוּן מֶלֶךְ  He is the King in Yehurun
When? בְּהִתְאַסֵּף רָאשֵׁי עָם יַחַד שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל that is when they gather together on Chag Ha'asif the Sukkoth holiday. That is the ultimate manifestation of  unity and peace among Yisrael. Then HKB"H is able to bring his Schina among them and is thus their King. 

My grandfather observes that that the custom of gathering together to learn Torah together on the last day of Sukkoth is fitting according to this reasoning. 


I would add that this fits with the holiday in which all 70 nations outside Yisrael are representing with the cow offerings with respect to the idea of G-d being Melech al kol ha'aretz.  There is also the vision of the future presented in of  their active participation in the holiday described in Zecharya 14: 16-18.

 But the particular status of Yisrael that merits the presence of the Schina is found in the sukkah, in which individuals come close together as expressed in the halacha that all of Yisrael can share a single sukkah. Sukkah 27b: All that are homeborn, in Israel shall dwell in Sukkoth,which teaches that all Israel are able to sit in one Sukkah.

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